Feeds:
Posts
Comments

Archive for the ‘Eschatology’ Category

Click the image for a larger view.

Advertisements

Read Full Post »

Click the image for a larger version.

Read Full Post »

Click the image for a larger, readable version.

Read Full Post »

Click on the image for an enlarged view of the chart. I produced it to serve as a study guide for the final exam in the course on the book of Revelation which I am teaching this term.

Read Full Post »

The Cosmic Christian Award System refers to a teaching promoted in many circles within evangelical Christianity. According to this teaching, there are two end-time judgments.

One judgment is reserved for unbelievers. The result of it is damnation. Teachers of this view usually identify this judgment for unbelievers with the Great White Throne judgment described in Revelation 20:11–15—Then I saw a great white throne and the one who sat on it; the earth and the heaven fled from his presence, and no place was found for them. And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Also another book was opened, the book of life. And the dead were judged according to their works, as recorded in the books. And the sea gave up the dead that were in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and all were judged according to what they had done. Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire; and anyone whose name was not found written in the book of life was thrown into the lake of fire.

The other judgment is reserved for believers. The result of it is the receipt of an amount and quality of rewards corresponding to the amount and quality of works performed by a believer after conversion. Teachers of this view usually identify this judgment for believers with the Judgment Seat of Christ, an event mentioned once in Scripture, by Paul, in 2 Corinthians 5:9–10—Whether we are at home or away, we make it our aim to please him. For all of us must appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each may receive recompense for what has been done in the body, whether good or evil.

Although Romans 14:10–12 refers to the Judgment Seat of God, not the Judgment Seat of Christ, proponents of the Cosmic Christian Award System typically affirm that these verses refer to the same event found in 2 Corinthians 5:9–10. We will all stand before the judgment seat of God. For it is written, ‘As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall give praise to God.’ So then, each of us will be accountable to God.

Likewise, even though 1 Corinthians 3:11–15 makes no reference to the Judgment Seat of Christ, teachers also generally affirm that the Judgment Seat of Christ is the subject of this passage: No one can lay any foundation other than the one that has been laid; that foundation is Jesus Christ. Now if anyone builds on the foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, straw—the work of each builder will become visible, for the Day will disclose it, because it will be revealed with fire, and the fire will test what sort of work each has done. If what has been built on the foundation survives, the builder will receive a reward. If the work is burned up, the builder will suffer loss; the builder will be saved, but only as through fire.

One final distinction of the Cosmic Christian Award System needs mention: Followers of this view generally teach that one should equate the rewards bestowed at this judgment with the various crowns mentioned in the New Testament.  Adherents also teach that the recipients of these crowns eventually return them to Jesus (cf. Revelation 4:9–11, see below).

OBJECTIONS TO THE COSMIC CHRISTIAN AWARD SYSTEM

It is inconsistent with the one, general, UNIVERSAL JUDGMENT taught in Scripture

Romans 14:10–12. We will all stand before the judgment seat of God. For it is written, ‘As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall give praise to God.’ So then, each of us will be accountable to God.

The words in Romans 14 emphasized above with bold typeface are quoted from Isaiah 45:23, which refers to a universal judgment. 22 Turn to me and be saved, all the ends of the earth! For I am God, and there is no other. 23 By myself I have sworn, from my mouth has gone forth in righteousness a word that shall not return: “To me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.”

Paul also quotes Isaiah 45:23 in Philippians 2:10–11, in the context of universal judgment. 9 God highly exalted Jesus and gave him the name that is above every name, 10–11 so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bend, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

Revelation 20:11–15, contrary to the teaching of the Cosmic Christian Award System (more…)

Read Full Post »

%d bloggers like this: